The Creative Movements List



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Introduction

Abstraction is an art form which is not linked to movements. This means that many artists now use it as a kind of tool to help express themselves in Contemporary painting.

People like to categorise this kind of painting as a picture's subject matter which is non representational.This means that it doesn't resemble any object from nature.

In the 20th century the trend in art was to move beyond the re-creation of nature. Creative art groups were formed by "like minded individuals."

In belonging to this kind of group they believed in specific philosophies and often similar political viewpoints. Their Artwork follows a specific style that can be instantly recognisable especially from the early 2oth century.


Independent Voice

However in the 21st century artists prefer to have an independent voice and have less of an interest in being part of an organisation. Instead of trying to understand the world around they have become more inspired by the "inner world." A search for meaning coming from exploring what's within themselves. The development and creation of an individual language. So to understand historical Abstract Art from around the 20th century we must try and find out what groups the artists were influenced by. This can be detected by looking at the artist's style. We can compare one individual's work to another’s of the same time period or look for similarities by comparing "movements" to the artist's work.

The difficulties lie when we try to understand 21st century painting. If the artist is "well known" or famous then we can find out more through documentation about the their inspirations and philosophy but if the artist is unknown we are only limited to analysing the actual painting for clues of understanding.

There have been many strong organisations in the early 20th century which can provide us with clues if you are trying to understand a painting from this time. As we move towards the end of the century these groups become more fragmented and specialised often becoming difficult to understand.


Movement List and Timeline.

Groups are often categorised under Time Periods. Modern Art is all the movements from the late 19th century to approximately 1970 (as there is a natural overlap). Contemporary Art is from around late 1960s to our present day time period.Note: The countries listed are the country in which the group started. Most modern art movements were international in scope.


Modern Art Time Line-List

Impressionism - 1863 - 1890, France American Impressionism 1880, United States Cos Cob Art Colony 1890s, United States Heidelberg School late 1880s, Australia Luminism (Impressionism) Arts and Crafts movement - 1880 - 1910, United Kingdom Tonalism - 1880 - 1920, United States Luminism (Impressionism) Symbolism (arts) - 1880 - 1910, France/Belgium Russian Symbolism 1884 - c. 1910, Russia Aesthetic movement 1868 - 1901, United Kingdom Post-impressionism - 1886 - 1905, France Pointillism 1880s, France Les Nabis 1888 - 1900, France Fauvism - 1904 - 1909, France Cloisonnism c. 1885, France Synthetism late 1880s - early 1890s, France School of Paris early 20th century, France Neo-impressionism 1886 - 1906, France Art Nouveau - 1890 - 1914, France Vienna Secession (or Secessionstil) 1897, Austria Jugendstil Germany, Scandinavia Modernisme - 1890 to 1910, Catalan Art à la Rue 1890s - 1905, Belgium/France Young Poland 1890 - 1918, Poland Mir iskusstva 1899, Russia Hagenbund 1900 - 1930, Austria Expressionism - 1905 - 1930, Germany Die Brücke 1905 - 1913, Germany Der Blaue Reiter 1911, Germany Bloomsbury Group - 1905 - c. 1945, England

Analylical Cubism 1907-1914 Cubism - 1907 - 1914, France Orphism - 1912, France Purism - 1918 - 1926 Cubo-Expressionism 1909 - 1921 Ashcan School 1907, United States Jack of Diamonds (artists) 1909, Russia Futurism (art) - 1910 - 1930, Italy Cubo-Futurism 1912 - 1915, Russia Rayonism 1911, Russia Synchromism 1912, United States Universal Flowering 1913, Russia Vorticism 1914 - 1920, United Kingdom Biomorphism 1915 - 1940s Suprematism 1915 - 1925, Russia/Ukraine/Soviet Union Dada - 1916 - 1930, Switzerland Proletkult 1917 - 1925, Soviet Union Productivism after 1917, Russia De Stijl (Neoplasticism) 1917 - 1931, Holland Pittura Metafisica 1917, Italy Arbeitsrat für Kunst 1918 - 1921 Bauhaus - 1919 - 1933, Germany UNOVIS 1919 - 1922, Russia Others group of artists 1919, United States American Expressionism c. 1920 - Precisionism c. 1920, United States Surrealism since 1920 Acéphale France Lettrism 1942 - Les Automatistes 1946 - 1951, Canada Devetsil 1920 - 1931 Group of Seven 1920 - 1933, Canada Harlem renaissance 1920 - 1930s, United States American scene painting c. 1920 - 1945, United States New Objectivity (Neue Sachlichkeit) 1920s, Germany Constructivism (art) 1920s, Russia/Ukraine/Soviet Union Art Deco - 1920s - 1930s, France Grupo Montparnasse 1922, France Soviet art 1922 - 1986, Soviet Union a. r. group 1929 - 1936 Northwest School (art) 1930s - 1940s, United States Social realism, 1929, international Socialist realism - c. 1930 - 1950, Soviet Union/Germany Allianz (arts) 1937 - 1950s, Switzerland Art and Freedom 1939 - mid-1940s Action Painting U.S Abstract Expressionism - 1940s, Post WWII, United States Color Field Painting Lyrical Abstraction COBRA (avant-garde movement) 1946 - 1952, Denmark/Belgium/Holland Tachisme late-1940s - mid-1950s, France Abstract Imagists United States Geometrical Abstraction Arte Madí 1940s Art informel mid-1940s - 1950s Outsider art (Art brut) mid-1940s, United Kingdom/United States Vienna School of Fantastic Realism - 1946, Austria The Concretists early 1950s - Neo-Dada 1950s, international International Typographic Style 1950s, Switzerland Soviet Nonconformist Art 1953 - 1986, Soviet Union Russian Non-Conformist Russia/Ukraine Pop Art mid-1950s, United Kingdom/United States Situationism 1957 - early 1970s, Italy Magic realism 1960s, Germany Minimalism - 1960 - Op Art 1964 - Post-painterly abstraction 1964 -


Contemporary Art Timeline-List

Contemporary art - present Postmodern art - present Modernism - present New realism 1960 - Performance art - 1960s - Fluxus - early 1960s - late-1970s Conceptual art - 1960s - Graffiti 1960s- Junk art 1960s - Psychedelic art early 1960s - Geometrical Abstraction Lyrical Abstraction Process art mid-1960s - 1970s Arte Povera 1967 - Photorealism - Late 1960s - early 1970s Land art - late-1960s - early 1970s Post-minimalism late-1960s - 1970s Installation art - 1970s - Neo-expressionism late 1970s - Neoism 1979 Deconstructivism Battle Elephants 1984 Massurrealism 1992 - Stuckism 1999 - Remodernism 1999 - Maximalism


Some stimulating posters to collect....

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